The Seeds of Exclusion 2009
report from The Salvation Army into the underlying causes and outcomes of social exclusion and homelessness reveals startling results from respondents in Scotland.
In Scotland, relationship breakdown and the lack of supportive relationships were cited as the main reasons for homelessness among respondents (40 per cent). But the research also reveals that substance abuse and mental health needs play a bigger role in drawing people into homelessness and social exclusion than those interviewed are prepared to recognise. The second most common reason given by respondents in Scotland for their homelessness was drug dependency (30 per cent), which was the highest proportion among all the regions profiled. In the study, this followed by alcohol abuse (22 per cent), the second highest result (Dublin was highest at 23 per cent). Alcohol and drug abuse levels were high among respondents in Scotland (66 per cent and 56 per cent respectively). However, only 32 per cent of respondents with a drug dependency were aware they had a problem, and only 24 per cent of respondents recognised they had an alcohol dependency.
In The Seeds of Exclusion 2009, respondents in Scotland also reported high levels of physical and emotional abuse and neglect in childhood, including the highest levels of neglect (39 per cent) in the survey.
Respondents in Scotland also reported the second highest levels of emotional abuse (40 per cent), after Belfast at 41 per cent. Levels of attempted suicide in Scotland (38 per cent) were among the highest among all the profiled regions (Wales was highest at 42 per cent, while London was lowest at 13 per cent).